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Will using electricity almost exclusively for all energy needs such as transportation, home heating, and industry really be a key part of the global warming solution? It absolutely will!  While it’s critical to decarbonize the grid with wind, solar and other renewables and to make them more efficient as part of the process, dramatically shifting energy uses to electricity, is a key part of deep carbon reduction.

Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP) recently organized a Strategic Electrification Summit to help give this somewhat-neglected aspect of carbon reduction a larger hearing. NEEP gathered 100 activists, state officials, and business representatives together at the end of June 2017 to unveil a new report on strategic electrification and to begin developing an action plan to make electrification a reality in the Northeast.

Most electrification will occur through very large shifts to just a few electric technologies like electric vehicles (the most familiar) and variations of air source heat pumps for space heating and water heaters. Right now, each of these technologies is poking along in the market at about one percent of sales. The $100,000 question is how can we get these technologies to dominate the market, and how long will it take?

NEEP pie-chart-OP

Direct fossil fuel consumption by end use and sector in New York and New England. Credit: U.S. Energy Information Administration

 

Not Our First Time at the Electrification Rodeo

Electrification is not new. Just a few generations ago, most people in the United States heated with coal or wood, bought blocks of ice to keep their food cold, and burned whale oil to provide lighting. On a recent visit to a tiny museum in Hawaii, I was introduced to gasoline-powered clothes irons. I couldn’t believe that people used to have an open flame a few inches from their hand and maybe a foot from their nose while doing a basic household chore.

Throughout history, electricity-powered technologies have changed our daily lives in very fundamental ways. It’s about to happen again. This time, we need it to happen rapidly so that our reliance on carbon-based fuels is dramatically reduced. A recent report from Bloomberg New Energy Finance says that electric cars will be at cost parity for initial purchase price with internal combustion driven cars by 2025. Electric vehicles are already cheaper to operate and maintain – not to mention they are smoother, quieter, and more convenient. America likes “cheaper.” First cost reductions will be a huge step in electric vehicles becoming much more popular.

NEEP iron

Gasoline-powered clothes iron

Benefits of Strategic Electrification

The multiple benefits of strategic electrification are a key selling point. First, we can finally wean ourselves off foreign oil – a feat first attempted by the Nixon administration, and a national security issue for our country ever since. Second, we can have cleaner air (and water, and soil) by not putting combustion by-products into our air, including the air in our homes. Third, we can create more local jobs and a stronger local economy by keeping energy dollars in communities, through building local, renewable energy resources, or getting a piece of the new economy around controls and building/vehicle intelligence, for example.

Switching the fuels we use every day seems like a big deal, but if the costs are competitive and it’s cleaner and more convenient, it might be pretty easy. The tough part is getting all of these unfamiliar technologies accepted in the marketplace, which is where we need initiatives to help build the market.

 

Stay Plugged In

NEEP is currently working on a five-year action plan to kick the electrification market into a higher gear. We need to very aggressively ramp up these new technologies of electric vehicles and heat pumps, which are themselves also rapidly changing to better meet consumer needs. A critical step is including all of the possible benefits (lower pollution, more convenience, less noise, local jobs, improved national security, and so on) as we put the pieces together.

Please take a look at our assessment report which is available now on the NEEP website and its companion action plan on strategic electrification, which is due to be published in mid October. Electrification will change how we live our lives every day. For the easier and better. A generation from now, we will talk about how annoying it was to spill gasoline on our shoes as we made a hasty pit stop to refuel en route to a meeting. Instead, in our strategically-electrified future, the battery of our electric car, will be inexpensively recharged overnight.
This post was written by Dave Hewitt and originally appeared in the NEEP Blog.